Applications of the Ecoli Bacteria Model In Predicting Fecal Coliforms In Surface Runoff

Ling, T. Y. and Bengtson, R. L. and Drapcho, C.M. and Achberger, E.C. (2014) Applications of the Ecoli Bacteria Model In Predicting Fecal Coliforms In Surface Runoff. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.


Download (78kB) | Preview


Models are tools used by environmental managers for planning purposes. The ECOLI model is a tool developed for that purpose. The ECOLI model is a biological model capable of simulating continuously E. coli density on land and subsequently E. coli concentrations in surface runoff during rainfall events. This model can be used to predict the nonpoint source input of E. coli into the receiving water bodies.Since fecal coliform is a common water quality indicator and water quality standards are frequently based on fecal coliforms instead of E. coli, a fecal coliform prediction model would be extremely useful for the accounting of fecal coliforms input into the receiving waters. However, the applicability of the ECOLI model in simulating fecal coliform has yet to be verified. In this study, the ECOLI model predicted fecal coliform concentrations were compared with the fecal coliform data collectea from field studies conducted in the Agricultural Experimental Station in Louisiana,U.S.A. The result of the comparison indicated that the ECOLI model predicted the decay of the fecal coliform well following the first manure applications of 1996.However, there was an increase in departure from the observed fecal coliform concentrations following the second to the fourth manure applications. Possible causes of the difference between the predicted and observed concentration could be regrowth of fecal coliforms and the competitive advantage of the fecal coliforms in reapplied manure compared to fecal coliforms in the first-time applied manure. More studies need to be conducted to investigate the decay of fecal coliforms in soils reapplied with manure The ECOLI model can be applied for predicting fecal coliform concentrations in runoff in Malaysia if modifications are made and the model field-tested.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecoli bacteria, environmental sceinces, agricultural, Unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate,postgraduate,research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2013 03:35
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 07:34

Actions (For repository members only: login required)

View Item View Item