Physiological response of of hopea odorata Roxb. And mimusops elengi linn. Seedlings Under combined nutrient and water Stresses

Zainudin, S.R and Mohd Hanif, Ahmad Husni (2007) Physiological response of of hopea odorata Roxb. And mimusops elengi linn. Seedlings Under combined nutrient and water Stresses. The Malaysia Forester, 70 (1). pp. 41-48. ISSN 0302-2935

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Abstract

The physiological response of Hapea odarata and Mimusops eiengi seedlings under drought and various fertilisation rates subjected to nursery conditions was investigated. The experiment was a 6 x 2 factorial design and slow release fertilizer (Best Tab, 20: I O:S N PK) was applied once at the beginning of the experiment and was placed 10cm below the surface in tablet form (NPK 20: 1 O:S). The watering treatments were no stress (seedlings were kept well watered at field capacity ~. 0.3 MPa) and water stress (water was withheld until the soil water potential was ~ - 1.S MPa and then rewatered to field capacity). Physiological measurements were made on mature fully·expanded leaflets of the seedlings. Both species responded differently to conditions of drought and fertilisation with H. odorata seedlings receiving 30g of fertiliser under well-watered conditions had the highest rate of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance throughout the 12 -months period. In contrast, M. eiengi seedlings receiving SO g offertilizer application recorded the highest rate of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance. Both species exhibited drought tolerance via maintenance of high water potential at the end of 12·moflth experimental period. They possess "sensitive stomata" or stomata which close rapidly on exposure to water stress. Such a stomatal response may effectively reduce water loss and maintain high water content during water stress in the urban area. Another important factor is that photosynthetic processes can still be carried out under water stress although at a reduced rate. Fertilisatiofi reduces the impact of drought through its effect on stomatal closure thus reducing transpiration increasing photosynthetic rate and maintaining a much more positive internal water balance which is vital for almost near normal plant function~ng.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: H. odorata, M. eiengi, urban environment, drought, fertilization, plant growth, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 07 May 2014 07:47
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2015 02:32
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/2348

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