Effects of Enrichment Planting on the Soil physicochemical Properties at Reforestation Sites Planted with Shorea macrophylla de Vriese in Sampadi Forest Reserve, Sarawak, Malaysia

Mugunthan, A/L Perumal and Mohd Effendi, Bin Wasli and Jonathan, Lat (2015) Effects of Enrichment Planting on the Soil physicochemical Properties at Reforestation Sites Planted with Shorea macrophylla de Vriese in Sampadi Forest Reserve, Sarawak, Malaysia. In: International Symposium on Frontier in Tropical Forest Research: Progress in Joint Projects between the Forest Department Sarawak and the Japan Research Consortium for Tropical Forests in Sarawa, September 2015, Imperial Hotel, Kuching, Sarawak.

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Abstract

A preliminary assessment on the soils in reforestation sites at Sampadi Forest Reserve, Sarawak was conducted to clarify and compare the effects of enrichment planting on the soil physicochemical properties within the reforested areas and adjacent secondary forest. Reforestation areas which were planted with Shorea macrophylla de Vriese by line planting technique were selected in this study. Study sites were established at reforestation areas at different age stands; (year 1996; SM96, 1997; SM97, 1998; SM98 and 1999; SM99) and at adjacent secondary forest (SF). Undisturbed and composite soil samples were collected at the depth of 0-10 cm (surface soils) and 30-40 cm (subsurface soils) from several random points. Our findings indicated that the soils at both reforestation sites and secondary forest were strongly acidic in nature with pH (H2O) of less than (pH < 5.5) with low nutrient status. Soil total carbon in secondary forest was significantly higher than that of the reforestation sites which indicate large pool of fresh organic matter and its accumulation at surface soil derived from the above vegetation. Notwithstanding, there were significant differences observed in soil available phosphorus between the sites at both surface and subsurface soils. In terms of the soil physical properties, the soils observed were relatively of sandy clay loam to sandy clay in texture and did not varied widely with low fertility level among the studied sites. Based on the current progress of this study, enrichment planting after 15 years might slightly help to restore the productivity of certain soil physicochemical properties at the reforestation sites.

Item Type: Proceeding (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Reforestation . Sarawak . Shorea macrophylla . Soil physicochemical properties . Tropical rainforests , unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2019 04:44
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2019 04:44
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/23422

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