Temperature and Salinity Profiling Analysis off Sarawak Waters, Malaysia

Manson, Ann Aletheia A. and Ejria, Saleh and Liew, Juneng and Aazani, binti Mujahid (2018) Temperature and Salinity Profiling Analysis off Sarawak Waters, Malaysia. Transactions on Science and Technology, 5 (3). pp. 216-220. ISSN 2289-8786

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Abstract

Prime Scientific Sailing Expedition (EPSP 2009), was carried out in the South China Sea (SCS) along Sarawak waters for nine days from 20 to 29 June 2009. The main objective was to enhance physical oceanography data to support the management of marine ecosystem and other marine resources off Sarawak waters. The main purpose of this present study is to construct vertical temperature and salinity structures off Sarawak waters and to define the water properties based on differ water depths. The temperature and salinity data were obtained using Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) from sea surface down to 523 m water depth. The measurement was done along the transect line that consists of 60 sampling stations involved with furthest distance offshore at ~471 km. Vertical profiles of temperature, salinity and temperature-salinity (T-S) diagrams of each station were plotted and analyzed based on location and water depth. Offshore sampling stations at water depth greater than 50 m are known as deep waters while near shore sampling station at water depth less than 50m is known as shallow waters. The constructed vertical profiles showed that as water depth increases, salinity increases whereas temperature decreases. Comparison of minimum and maximum temperature range of shallow and deep waters is 15°C and 1°C respectively. However, there is only 0.71°C difference of salinity between minimum salinity of shallow waters and deep waters. The seawater variable of Sarawak waters are impacted by the distance from mainland and its geographical location as well as the rivers influx into the SCS. Constant climate change due to seasonal monsoon and high rainfall as it is located in the tropical region contribute to the spatial temperature and salinity in this area. High rivers runoff into the SCS can reduce the salinity of the water at coastal area. Salinity increases as sampling location further offshore. High rainfall may decreases water temperature and salinity at water surface.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: South China Sea; Sarawak Waters; vertical structures; temperature-salinity diagram, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Mujahid
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2018 23:57
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2019 02:00
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/22018

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