Uptake Of Heavy Metals From Palm Oil Mill Effluent Sludge Amended Soils In Water Spinach

Nori, Hollena and Kanakaraju, Devagi and Awangku Nabil Syafiq, Awangku Metosen (2016) Uptake Of Heavy Metals From Palm Oil Mill Effluent Sludge Amended Soils In Water Spinach. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 11 (1). pp. 113-120. ISSN 1823-8556

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Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) sludge is generated in great amount in Malaysia and often regarded as pollutant and waste material. This study is aimed at utilizing POME sludge for growing plants. Five different treatments (POME sludge:soil ratio) were performed to evaluate the potential of POME sludge application on the growth and uptake of heavy metals, namely Cr, Cd, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn and Ni in water spinach. Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (FAAS) was used to determine the levels of these metals in water spinach. It was found that the concentration of heavy metals in water spinach has increased with the increasing POME sludge loadings for all metals with the exception of Cu. Elevated levels of accumulated Fe in water spinach were recorded between 200.84-660.67 mg/kg, while Cu accumulation was the least, ranging between 41.67-75.00 mg/kg. The yield of water spinach has also increased when the amount of POME sludge increased. Concentrations of Mn, Ni, Zn, Fe, Cd and Cr in water spinach have surpassed the maximum permitted levels. However, among the metals being investigated, only Mn, Fe and Ni have shown significant differences (P<0.05) for the mean concentration between these five treatments. No toxicity symptoms were observed on the water spinach. This may indicate the ability of water spinach to tolerate high heavy metals contents. This study suggests that an appropriate amount of POME sludge should be added onto soil to enhance the production of water spinach and to avoid unnecessary accumulation of metals, which may impose health risks to the consumers. Application of POME sludge in agricultural practices may offer a sustainable option in managing this waste material.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm oil, biomass, soil, agriculture, waste, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Kanakaraju
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2018 01:41
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2018 01:41
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/21784

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