Rapid detection and enumeration of pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in raw vegetables from retail outlets

Tunung, Robin and Ghazali, F. M. and Noranizan, Binti Mohd Adzahan and Haresh, K. K. and Lesley, Maurice Bilung and Nakaguchi, Yoshitsugu and Nishibuchi, Mitsuaki and Son, Radu (2011) Rapid detection and enumeration of pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in raw vegetables from retail outlets. International Food Research Journal, 18. pp. 67-78. ISSN 2231-754

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the frequency and density of potentially pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus, defined as those possessing thermostable-direct hemolysin (tdh) and/or tdh-related hemolysin (trh) genes, in raw salad vegetables at retail level in Selangor, Malaysia. A combination of Most Probable Number - Polymerase Chain Reaction (MPN-PCR) method was applied to detect the presence of tdh and/or trh gene-possessing V. parahaemolyticus and to enumerate their density in the samples. A total of 276 samples of vegetables commonly eaten raw in Malaysia (Cabbage = 30; Carrot = 31; Cucumber = 28; Four winged bean = 26; Indian pennywort = 17; Japanese parsley = 21; Lettuce = 16; Long bean = 32; Sweet potato = 29; Tomato = 38; Wild cosmos = 8) were analyzed. The samples were purchased from two supermarkets (A and B) and two wet markets (C and D). With the MPN-PCR technique, about 12.0% of the samples were positive for the presence of V. parahaemolyticus tdh-positive, with maximum densities of up to 39 MPN/g. The total frequency of V. parahaemolyticus trh-positive in the samples was 10.1%, with maximum concentration 15 MPN/g. V. parahaemolyticus tdh-positive was most prevalent in samples from Wet Market C (20.78%) and also in vegetable type Oenanthe stolonifera (Japanese parsley) with 19.0%, while V. parahaemolyticus trhpositive was predominant in samples from Wet Market D (16.7%) and was most frequent in both Oenanthe stolonifera (Japanese parsley) and Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) with 14.3% prevalence for each type. The results highlighted the fact that raw vegetables could be contaminated with virulent V. parahaemolyticus and could act as a transmission route, thus poses risk to consumers from the consumption of raw vegetables. To the author’s knowledge, this is the first assessment of V. parahaemolyticus carrying tdh and trh genes in raw vegetables from retail outlets in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vibrio parahaemolyticus, most probable number (MPN), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), vegetables, thermostable direct hemolysin (TDH), TDH-related hemolysin (TRH), unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2018 03:42
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 04:01
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/21738

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