Optimization of preparation conditions for activated carbons from coconut husk using response surface methodology

Tan, Ivy A. W. and Abdul Latif, Ahmad and Hameed, Bassim Hamid (2008) Optimization of preparation conditions for activated carbons from coconut husk using response surface methodology. Chemical Engineering Journal, 137 (3). pp. 462-470. ISSN 1385-8947

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Coconut husk was used to prepare activated carbon using physiochemical activation method, consisted of potassium hydroxide (KOH) treatment and carbon dioxide (CO2) gasification. The effects of the preparation variables which were activation temperature, activation time and chemical impregnation (KOH:char) ratio on the adsorption capacity on methylene blue dye and carbon yield were investigated. Based on the central composite design (CCD), a two factor interaction (2FI) model and a quadratic model were respectively developed to correlate the preparation variables to the adsorption capacity and yield. From the analysis of variance (ANOVA), the most influential factor on each experimental design response was identified. The predicted adsorption capacity and yield after process optimization was found to agree satisfactory with the experimental values. The optimum conditions for preparing activated carbon from coconut husk were found as follows: activation temperature of 816 °C, activation time of 1 h and KOH:char ratio of 3.9.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coconut husk, Activated carbon, Methylene blue, Central composite design, Optimization, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2018 01:18
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2023 01:18
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/21581

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