Magnetic hybrid TiO 2 /Alg/FeNPs triads for the efficient removal of methylene blue from water

Kanakaraju, Devagi and Nurfatyha Rusydah, bt Mohamad Shahdad and Lim, Ying-Chin and Pace, Andrea (2018) Magnetic hybrid TiO 2 /Alg/FeNPs triads for the efficient removal of methylene blue from water. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy, 8. pp. 50-62. ISSN 23525541

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2018.02.001

Abstract

A new adsorbent material with combined adsorption, photocatalytic, and magnetic properties has been successfully synthesized and tested for the efficient dye removal from methylene blue (MB) contaminated water. A facile non-thermal method was applied to synthesize a hybrid nanocomposite consisting of TiO2/calcium alginate (TiO/Alg) and magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (FeNPs). The potential of the adsorbent Alg as a barrier to prevent direct contact between the magnetic core and TiO2 was experimented by varying the synthesis conditions. The performance of four differently synthesized TiO2/Alg/FeNPs samples (TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-1, TiO2/Alg/ FeNPs-2, TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-3, and TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-4) was found to be fairly comparable and stable based on their efficiency in removing MB from aqueous solution due to the physico-chemical characterization (surface morphology, functional groups and elemental analysis) which supports the performance of TiO2/Alg/FeNPs. For the optimization study using the response surface methodology (RSM) with three factorial Box-Behnken experimental designs, TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-2 was selected as it exhibited the highest MB removal of 97.6% after 120 min under ultra violet irradiation (254 nm wavelength). Among the three independent variables studied (i.e., pH, contact time and initial MB concentration), the initial concentration of MB had significant effect towards the MB removal performance. A recycling study was performed, thus confirming the stability of TiO2/Alg/FeNPs-2 up to three cycles, with only a slight drop in the removal efficiency from 93.1% to 88.5%. The fabricated TiO2/Alg/ FeNPs nanocomposites could be a potential functional material for treating artificial dye laden wastewater such as in textile, cosmetic, and paper industries

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Photocatalysis, Immobilization, Wastewater, Adsorption, Titanium dioxide, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Kanakaraju
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2018 01:17
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 02:09
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/20730

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