Seasonal variations in water quality of a tropical reservoir: Considerations for cage aquaculture expansion

Ling, Teck Yee and Tan, Ai Chin and Nyanti, Lee and Sim, Siong Fong and Grinang, Jongkar and Lee, Karen Suan Ping and Ganyai, Tonny Anak (2018) Seasonal variations in water quality of a tropical reservoir: Considerations for cage aquaculture expansion. AACL Bioflux, 11 (2). pp. 333-347. ISSN 18448143

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Abstract

A study of water quality of the 30 year-old Batang Ai hydroelectric reservoir at different depths and locations was conducted to give a better understanding of the water quality status for aquaculture expansion. The study was conducted at four locations where two were identified as potential cage culture sites but nearby current operations. Temperature and dissolved oxygen (DO) profilings and 13 other parameters at 0.2, 10 and 20 meters depths were also studied. It was found that the difference in DO between seasons were significant. Pockets of high nutrients and hydrogen sulphide were observed at 10 and 20 m nearby the two cage culture sites in dry season. Additionally, regardless of season, those sites showed significantly higher 10 m and 20 m suspended solids. At one of the locations near cage culture, dry season total phosphorus and ammonia were the highest at all depths and chlorophyll-a was at eutrophic level at 10 m depth. All these are attributed to aquaculture waste, pre-marketing fish processing and the lack of mixing. Water Quality Index shows that the 0.2 m depth is suitable for sensitive aquatic organism. However, dry season 10 m water column of the two potential cage culture sites was polluted. Though the cages do not normally extend to 10 m deep, when overturn occurs, it could cause fish kills. Thus, in reservoir cage culture, elimination of reservoir pre-market processing is crucial and considerations have to be made on the proximity to the current operations and dry season water quality limitations. © 2018, BIOFLUX SRL. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquaculture, Nutrients, Oxycline, Sulphide, Thermocline, Trophic state, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2018 02:19
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 02:19
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/20200

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