Laparoscopic versus open repair of perforated peptic ulcer: Improving outcomes utilizing a standardized technique

Sze, Li Siow and Mahendran, Hans Alexander and Chee, Ming Wong and Hardin, Mark O. and Tien, Loong Luk (2018) Laparoscopic versus open repair of perforated peptic ulcer: Improving outcomes utilizing a standardized technique. Asian Journal of Surgery, 41 (2). pp. 136-142. ISSN 1015-9584

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Abstract

Background/Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic and open repair of perforated peptic ulcers (PPUs) at our institution. Methods: This is a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of patients who underwent emergency laparoscopic or open repair for PPU between December 2010 and February 2014. Results: A total of 131 patients underwent emergency repair for PPU (laparoscopic repair, n = 63, 48.1% vs. open repair, n = 68, 51.9%). There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between both groups in terms of age (p = 0.434), gender (p = 0.305), body mass index (p = 0.180), and presence of comorbidities (p = 0.214). Both groups were also comparable in their American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) scores (p = 0.769), Boey scores 0/1 (p = 0.311), Mannheim Peritonitis Index > 27 (p = 0.528), shock on admission (p < 0.99), and the duration of symptoms > 24 hours (p = 0.857). There was no significant difference in the operating time between the two groups (p = 0.618). Overall, the laparoscopic group had fewer complications compared with the open group (14.3% vs. 36.8%, p = 0.005). When reviewing specific complications, only the incidence of surgical site infection was statistically significant (laparoscopic 0.0% vs. open 13.2%, p = 0.003). The other parameters were not statistically significant. The laparoscopic group did have a significantly shorter mean postoperative stay (p = 0.008) and lower pain scores in the immediate postoperative period (p < 0.05). Mortality was similar in both groups (open, 1.6% vs. laparoscopic, 2.9%, p < 0.99). Conclusion: Laparoscopic repair resulted in reduced wound infection rates, shorter hospitalization, and reduced postoperative pain. Our single institution series and standardized technique demonstrated lower morbidity rates in the laparoscopic group. © 2016

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: laparoscopic, open, perforated peptic ulcer, standardized technique, surgical outcomes, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2018 08:59
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2018 08:59
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/19873

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