Acidification tolerance of Barbonymus schwanenfeldii (Bleeker, 1854) and oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Implication of fish size

Lee, Nyanti and Nik Nurul Kamila, Abu-Rashid and Ling, Teck Yee and Soo, Chen Lin and Sim, Siong Fong and Jongkar, Grinang (2017) Acidification tolerance of Barbonymus schwanenfeldii (Bleeker, 1854) and oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Implication of fish size. AACL Bioflux, 10 (4). pp. 746-753. ISSN 18448143

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the acidification tolerance of a Malaysian indigenous fish species, Barbonymus schwanenfeldii (Bleeker, 1854) and an exotic fish species, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). The survival rate, growth performance, and feed conversion ratio of fry and juvenile fish of B. schwanenfeldii and O. niloticus were tested in acidic water at pH 4.5, 5.5, and 6.5 for a period of 30 days. The fish reared in pH 7.0 acted as a control. The present study demonstrated that acidification in water reduced the survival rates of B. schwanenfeldii and O. niloticus and had a detrimental effect particularly on the survival of B. schwanenfeldii fry where a 100% mortality occurred under the exposure to pH 4.5. Additionally, the total length gain decreased significantly in the fry of both species when they were exposed to low pH water. The results also showed that acidification of water had more effect on fry than juvenile fish and acidification tolerance of the indigenous species B. schwanenfeldii was lower than the exotic species O. niloticus. The present study demonstrated the necessity to protect the indigenous species in Malaysia by maintaining a suitable water pH value in the natural habitat. © 2017, BIOFLUX SRL. All rights reserved.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acidic water pH, Feed conversion ratio, Fry and juvenile fish, Growth performance, Survival rate, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, , research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2018 05:52
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2018 05:52
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/19280

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