The Incidence and Clinical Relevance of Coronary Artery Anomalies Detected on Multidetector Computed Tomography in Sarawak

Oon, Y.Y. and Khoo, S.I. and Mohd Amin, N.H. and Koh, K.T. and Khaw, C.S. and Shu, F. and Tan, C.T. and Voon, C.Y. and Khiew, N.Z. and Said, A. and Cham, Y.L. and Fong, A.Y.Y. and Ong, T.K. (2017) The Incidence and Clinical Relevance of Coronary Artery Anomalies Detected on Multidetector Computed Tomography in Sarawak. International Journal of Cardiology, 249 (S). S20-S21. ISSN 0167-5273

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Background: Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are rare. Some anomalies are associated with myocardial ischaemia, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Objectives: The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of CAAs detected on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and their clinical relevance. Methods: We reviewed our center’s MDCT database from January 2005 to December 2015. Results: 76 out of 5677 (incidence 0.01%) patients were reported to have CAAs. They consisted of 44 patients (57.9%) with anomalous origin of right coronary artery (RCA), 7 (9.2%) with anomalous origin of left coronary artery (LCA), 3 (3.9%) with anomalous origin of the left circumflex artery (LCX), 1 (1.3%) with abnormal course of LCX, 15 (19.7%) with coronary artery fistulas, 3 (3.9%) with single coronary artery, 3 (3.9%) with anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA).We were able to retrieved 26 patients’ (mean age 49 ± 13 years, 17 male) case folder. They consisted of 11 patients with anomalous origin of the RCA (10 from left coronary sinus), 4 with anomalous origin of LCA from right coronary sinus (3 interarterial course), 7 with coronary fistulas (2 large fistulas), 1 with single coronary artery (Lipton LII, anterior course) , 3 with ALCAPA. Out of the 26 patients, 24 (92.3%) were alive and 2 were lost to follow-up. The commonest presenting symptom was chest pain (65.4%), followed by dyspnea (34.6%) and heart failure (11.5%). 3 patients underwent surgery and 1 underwent transcatheter coiling of fistula. 4 patients had positive functional test (2 anomalous origin of RCA, 1 anomalous origin of LCA from right coronary sinus and 1 ALCAPA). Only 1 patient who had positive functional test underwent surgery. The remaining 3 who did not undergo surgery were still alive. The patient with single coronary artery presented with heart failure and remained alive with pharmacotherapy. All 3 ALCAPA patients were alive, with the oldest patient survived to age 71 years. None of them had surgery performed. Conclusions: CAAs are rare. Majority of cases may be benign. Largescale studies are needed to better define the prognosis and optimal treatment of individual forms of CAAs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coronary Artery Anomalies, Multidetector Computed tomography, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Said
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 05:06
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 05:16

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