Quality of Life of Youths with and without Disabilities: A Comparative Study

Rohana, Jani and Alias, Abd Aziz and Nur Fatihah, Abdullah Bandar (2017) Quality of Life of Youths with and without Disabilities: A Comparative Study. PERTANIKA JOURNALS. ISSN 0128–7702

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Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this paper is to compare the self-perceived Quality of Life (QOL) of youths with and without disabilities using WHOQOL-BREF instrument. Methods: A comparative study design was used in this study. A total of 300 disabled students and 523 non-disabled students (Controls) from Malaysian Higher Learning Institutions were involved. Data were collected by face to face interviews using WHOQOL-BREF instrument. The calculation of the mean score of each domain is using computational methods have been provided by WHO in manual WHOQOL-BREF. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the characteristics of the respondents. The t-tests and one-way ANOVA were used to compare the mean scores of each domain with selected type of socio-demographics. Results: Mean age of disabled students were 21.7 years old (SD = 1.9), while non-disabled students were 22.34 years old (SD = 2.59). Overall mean score QOL Controls are higher than disabled students. Except in the social relationship domain, the disabled, students have significantly higher score compared to controls in domain physical, psychological and environmental. There are no significant differences in Overall QOL, physical, social relationship and environment between fields of study of controls. No significant different on overall QOL between types of disabilities, but, there are significant differences in the mean score between the types of disabilities with physical and social relationship domains. Conclusion: The mean score overall QoL of disabled students is significantly lower as compared to the non-disabled students. There are four items were identified as a factor contributes to lower overall QOL disabled students compare to controls. The items are two from social relationship domain (personal relationship and social support) and also two from global items (overall quality of life and general health) Keywords: WHOQOL-BREF; disabilities; university students, quality of life; comparative study

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: WHOQOL-BREF; disabilities; university students, quality of life; comparative study, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development
Depositing User: Abdullah Bandar
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2018 02:16
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2018 02:16
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/19118

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