The Tax-Spend Debate: Time Series Evidence from Sarawak Municipals, 1975-2003

Muzafar Shah, Habibullah and Dayang-Affizzah, A.M. (2008) The Tax-Spend Debate: Time Series Evidence from Sarawak Municipals, 1975-2003. The IUP Journal of Public Finance, 6 (1). pp. 52-65. ISSN -

The Tax-Spend Debate (abstract).pdf

Download (98kB) | Preview
Official URL:


This paper is concerned with the issue of the intertemporal relationship between revenues and expenditures and the way in which a State Government manages public deficits. In this study, different hypotheses are considered to examine such a problem. The so called tax-spend hypothesis postulates that government raises tax revenues ahead of engaging in new expenditures. The spend-tax hypothesis, on the other hand, predicts that government first spends and then increases tax revenues to finance their expenditures. There is also the fiscal synchronization hypothesis which suggests that government takes simultaneous decisions about revenues and expenditures. Lastly, there is independence regarding the decisions to spend and raise revenues. Using the annual data on revenues and expenditures for the 22 municipals in Sarawak for the period 1975-2003, the cointegration and vector error correction model analyses suggest that the results are at best mixed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tax-Spend Debate, expenditures, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Depositing User: Ab Rahim
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2017 08:04
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2017 08:04

Actions (For repository members only: login required)

View Item View Item