Strategy in manipulating transglycosylation activity of glycosyl hydrolase for oligosaccharide production

Nor Hasmaliana, Abdul Manas and Rosli, Md. Illias and Nor Muhammad, Mahadi (2017) Strategy in manipulating transglycosylation activity of glycosyl hydrolase for oligosaccharide production. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 38 (2). pp. 1-22. ISSN 0738-8551

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Background: The increasing market demand for oligosaccharides has intensified the need for efficient biocatalysts. Glycosyl hydrolases (GHs) are still gaining popularity as biocatalyst for oligosaccharides synthesis owing to its simple reaction and high selectivity. Purpose: Over the years, research has advanced mainly directing to one goal; to reduce hydrolysis activity of GHs for increased transglycosylation activity in achieving high production of oligosaccharides. Design and methods: This review concisely presents the strategies to increase transglycosylation activity of GHs for oligosaccharides synthesis, focusing on controlling the reaction equilibrium, and protein engineering. Various modifications of the subsites of GHs have been demonstrated to significantly modulate the hydrolysis and transglycosylation activity of the enzymes. The clear insight of the roles of each amino acid in these sites provides a platform for designing an enzyme that could synthesize a specific oligosaccharide product. Conclusions: The key strategies presented here are important for future improvement of GHs as a biocatalyst for oligosaccharide synthesis. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oligosaccharide, glycosyl hydrolase, reaction equilibrium, protein engineering, oligosaccharide synthesis, hydrolysis, transglycosylation, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2017 04:05
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2022 02:07

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