The effects of nanoclay and tin(IV) oxide nanopowder on morphological, thermo-mechanical properties of hexamethylene diisocyanate treated jute/bamboo/polyethylene hybrid composites

Fui, Kiew Liew and Sinin, Hamdan and Md Rezaur, Rahman and Mohamad Rusop, Mahmood and Chang, Josephine Hui Lai (2017) The effects of nanoclay and tin(IV) oxide nanopowder on morphological, thermo-mechanical properties of hexamethylene diisocyanate treated jute/bamboo/polyethylene hybrid composites. Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, 23. pp. 119-127. ISSN 1548-0585

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Official URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319859846

Abstract

Hybrid composites were fabricated by hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) treated jute–bamboo fiber, nanoclay, tin(IV) oxide nanopowder, and low-density polyethylene. The composites were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry. Surface morphology, tensile testing, and water absorption test were also reported. FTIR results revealed that treated fiber had covalence bonding with polymer matrix which enhanced mechanical properties. All HDI-treated hybrid composites showed significant improvement in activation energy, lower crystallinity index, significant high tensile strength, and Young's modulus compared to untreated hybrid composites. All treated hybrid composites also showed extreme low water absorption. The addition of nanoclay or tin(IV) oxide into treated hybrid composites had a negative impact on thermal-mechanical properties. Surface morphological results revealed the bonding condition among hybrid composites.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: morphological, thermo-mechanical, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 06:38
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2019 03:54
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/17874

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