Adsorption of Fecal Coliforms, Escherichia coli, in Soils of Sarawak

Ling, T. Y. and Goh, S. H. and Kasing, Apun (2003) Adsorption of Fecal Coliforms, Escherichia coli, in Soils of Sarawak. Malaysian Journal of Soil Science Vol. 7: 57- 62 (2003), ISSN: 394 7990. ISSN 394 7990

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Abstract

In this study, fecal bacterial adsorption in three soils (clay loam, silt loam, sandy loam) was investigated. A wild strain of Escherichia coli (E.coli) isolated from animal wastewater was used in the study. For adsorption kinetics study, adhesion of bacterial cells to soil particles was found to be immediate. Percent adsorption was found to be dependent on the initial concentration of E.coli. Results indicate that at low E.coli concentrations (below 10^3 cfu/ml), the percent adsorption was very much less in sandy loam than in silt loam and clay loam. However, as the bacterial concentration increased, all the soils tested displayed higher bacteria adsorption with maximum values of 99.9% for clay loam, 99.9% for silt loam and 99.7% for sandy loam. Soil with higher clay content (35.2% and lower pH (pH 4.5)) had significantly higher capacity for adsorbing E.coli. Furthermore, E.coli concentration of 10^6 cfu/ml in suspension was found to decrease by 2 orders of magnitude in all the three soils. Therefore, land treatment of wastewater from animal farm lagoons should be considered to reduce microbial contamination of rivers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption, fecal coliforms, E.coli, soils, animal waste, 2003, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, universiti, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, research
Subjects: A General Works > AC Collections. Series. Collected works
A General Works > AC Collections. Series. Collected works
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2014 01:08
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2016 07:08
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/1768

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