Temperature tolerance and expression of heat shock protein 70 in the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense (Dinophyceae)

Kobiyama, A. and Tanaka, Sota and Kaneko, Yutaka and Lim, Po Teen and Ogata, T. (2010) Temperature tolerance and expression of heat shock protein 70 in the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense (Dinophyceae). Harmful Algae, 9 (2). pp. 180-185. ISSN 1568-9883

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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between temperature tolerance and geographical origin in a species. Temperature tolerance and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) content were investigated in the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense, which was isolated from temperate and tropical areas. Results of treatment at 0–37 8C for 1 h revealed that 15 8C-cultured Japanese A. tamarense could survive treatment at 0–25 8C, whereas 30 and 37 8C treatment reduced the survival rate. Malaysian A. tamarense cultured at 25 8C survived at 30 8C; however, 37 8C and low temperature treatment reduced the survival rate. After acclimation of both strains at 20 8C, they were treated at 0, 4, 30, and 37 8C. The survival rate of Japanese A. tamarense at 30 8C was slightly increased compared to that of 15 8C-cultured cells. Treatment at 37 8C for 1 h showed no difference between acclimated and unacclimated cells of both strains. At 0 and 4 8C treatment, almost all cells of Japanese A. tamarense survived; however, the Malaysian cells were unable to survive. Both strains of A. tamarense, acclimated at 20 8C, were treated at 30 8C; change in the amount of Hsp70 was analyzed. Western blot analysis revealed that the induction of Hsp70 in the Japanese strain occurred more quickly than in the Malaysian strain. These results indicate that Hsp70 of A. tamarense is a heat stress-inducible protein and the response is different between strains.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alexandrium tamarense, Dinoflagellate, Heat stress, Hsp70, Temperature tolerance, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2017 08:11
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2022 08:20
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/17597

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