Brine Shrimp Cytotoxic Activity of Morinda elliptica Leaves and Root Crude Extracts

Henry, Yusufu Wakawa and Fasihuddin, Badruddin Ahmad and Zaini, Assim and Umaru, Isaac John (2017) Brine Shrimp Cytotoxic Activity of Morinda elliptica Leaves and Root Crude Extracts. Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology, 7 (1). pp. 43-46. ISSN 2229-9769

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Abstract

This survey was conducted to test for in vivo Brine Shrimp Lethality Assay (BSLA) of Morinda elliptica leaves and root extract after successive maceration in four solvents (n-hexane, dichloromethane (DCM) ethyl acetate and methanol) and cytotoxicity was evaluated in terms of LC50 (lethality concentration). 10 nauplii were placed in different concentrations (in three replicates each) of the plant extracts, after 24 hours the surviving brine shrimp larvae were counted and LC50 was assessed. The result of the survey showed a concentration dependent increment in mortality rate of the brine shrimp nauplii and n-hexane and methanol fractions of the leaves and root extracts were more potent against the brine shrimp with LC50 values of 35.483 ppm and 39.259 ppm (µg/ml) respectively, whereas ethyl acetate of both the extracts exhibited lower potent activity with LC50 values 62.250 ppm and 102.250 ppm (µg/ml) in roots and leaves respectively. These findings indicated that bioactive ingredients are present in the plants that could account for its pharmacological effects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brine shrimp, cytotoxicity, extract, LC50, Morinda elliptica, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 03:49
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2022 01:53
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/17156

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