End Suction Centrifugal Pump Operating in Turbine Mode for Microhydro Applications

Mohd Azlan, Ismail and Othman, A.K. and Shahidul, Islam and Zen, H. (2014) End Suction Centrifugal Pump Operating in Turbine Mode for Microhydro Applications. Advances in Mechanical Engineering. ISSN 16878140

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This paper reviews the current research works on the end suction centrifugal pump coupled with induction generator running in turbinemode for microhydro application.The information can be used by practicing engineers, researchers, and plantmanagers to understand the potential of pump running as turbine. Review on experimental and simulation works was carried out encompassing end suction single stage low specific speed which is less than 10 kW. This is followed by review of their efficiency improvement through modifications. The results show that centrifugal pump can operate in turbine modes without any modification on mechanical components. However, to achieve the best efficiency point (BEP), it requires higher flow rate and head than pumping rating. Efficiency improvement is viable through geometric modification to improve hydraulic characteristic. The studies also show that pump as turbine (PAT) can be directly coupled with modified induction motor as generator by adding capacitor and electric control system, regulating voltage and frequency at the output terminal. It was found that PAT offers the best low cost solution for microhydro application especially for third world countries that do not have local microhydro manufacturer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Suction Centrifugal Pump, Turbine Mode, Microhydro , microhydro manufacturer, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 18 May 2017 08:04
Last Modified: 18 May 2017 08:04
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/16306

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