Laboratory Evaluation of Soft Rot Resistance of Non-Durable Lesser-Known Malaysian Hardwoods

Wong, Andrew H.H (2006) Laboratory Evaluation of Soft Rot Resistance of Non-Durable Lesser-Known Malaysian Hardwoods. International Research Group on Wood Protection. ISSN 2000-8953

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Resistance of six non-durable lesser-known Malaysian hardwoods, Pulai (Alstonia spp.), Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis), Ludai (Sapium spp.), Jelutong (Dyera costulata), Gaham Badak (Blumeodendron tokbrai) and Kayu arang (Diospyros spp.) compared with temperate Scots pine sapwood (Pinus sylvestris), were evaluated using the unsterile soil burial (mixed with Chaetomium globosum) versus vermiculite-burial (of C. globosum only) laboratory techniques and decay rates expressed as either percent mass/mass or percent mass/volume basis. Scots pine was expectedly soft rot resistant but Pulai wood was almost immune to decay. Other wood species varied from being moderately to highly susceptible to soft rot decay. The vermiculite-burial technique favoured greater soft rot degradation activity than unsterile soil-burial. Results also suggest that soft rot decay rates of susceptible woods could also be accelerated with higher surface area/volume ratios of test blocks. The use of mass/volume basis indicated similar reduced degrees of soft rot resistance among most test wood species whereas apparent differences among woods were found using mass/mass comparisons probably due to variable basic densities among these timbers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Soft rot, Decay test, Wood durability, Soil-burial, Vermiculite-burial, Tropical timbers, lesser-known timbers, Chaetomium globosum, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 02 May 2017 08:26
Last Modified: 02 May 2017 08:26

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