Medial pectoral pedicle is a reliable landmark for axillary lymph node dissection

Yahya, Mohd Aripin and Naqiyah, Ibrahim and Rohaizak, Muhammad (2013) Medial pectoral pedicle is a reliable landmark for axillary lymph node dissection. Asian Journal of Surgery, 36 (4). pp. 150-153. ISSN 1015-9584

Medial pectoral pedicle is a reliable landmark for axillary lymph node dissection (24 pages).pdf

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Background The anatomical orientation of structures in the axilla has not been well studied, although it is essential for a neat and safe dissection. The objective of this study was to determine the relations between neurovascular structures in the axilla as they were encountered during axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for breast cancer. Methods This was a prospective study of 29 consecutive ALNDs accompanying either mastectomy or wide local excision. The dissections were conducted in a stepwise manner and the orientation of the structures was determined as the dissections advanced from superficial to deeper planes. Results The medial pectoral pedicle was the most superficial neurovascular structure encountered during the dissections and was curled around the lateral border of the pectoralis minor muscle in most cases. The intercostobrachial nerve lay 1-2 cm behind and below, and the axillary vein was located 2-3 cm behind and above the pedicle. The long thoracic nerve was constantly found 2-3 cm behind the intercostobrachial nerve. The thoracodorsal nerve was always accompanied by a posterior tributary of the axillary vein. Conclusion Relations between neurovascular structures in the axilla are predictable. The medial pectoral pedicle, which is consistently found and superficially located, could be used as a landmark for ALND

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, adult; article; axilla; axillary lymph node extirpation; breast cancer; female; histology; human; lymph node dissection; male; medial pectoral pedicle; methodology; middle aged; pectoralis major muscle; prospective study
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Saman
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2017 02:29
Last Modified: 03 May 2017 01:26

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