Esterification of Microwave Pyrolytic Oil from Palm Oil Kernel Shell

Sharifah Mona, Abdul Aziz and Rafeah, Wahi and Zainab, Ngaini and Sinin, Hamdan and Syamila Aimi, Yahaya (2017) Esterification of Microwave Pyrolytic Oil from Palm Oil Kernel Shell. Journal of Chemistry, 2017. ISSN 2090-9071

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Abstract

Microwave pyrolysis is a potential for producing alternative fuel from biomass, such as palm kernel shell (PKS). However, the resulting microwave pyrolytic oil (bio-oil) was highly acidic and has low calorific value and therefore must undergo additional process to improve the physicochemical properties. In this study, attempt wasmade to improve the pH and calorific value of bio-oil produced from PKS via esterification process. The effect of esterification with ethanol in the presence of sulphuric acid as a catalyst on selected biodiesel qualities was also investigated. The esterification process has successfully improved the pH value from 3.37 to 5.09–5.12 and the calorific value was increased from 27.19 to 34.78–41.52MJ/kg. Conclusively, the EO has comparatively better properties in terms of its smell, pH, calorific value, and absence of environmentally undesirable compounds.However, future works should include ASTM 6751 specifications tests for biodiesel to evaluate the bio-oil’s suitability for commercial use.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microwave pyrolysis, palm kernel shell (PKS), research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Centre for Pre-University Studies
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 07:30
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2021 10:41
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/15635

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