Coffee and its waste repel gravid Aedes albopictus females and inhibit the development of their embryos

Tomomitsu, Satho and Hamady, Dieng and Muhammad Hishamuddin, Itam Ahmad and Salbiah, Binti Ellias and Ahmad, Abu Hassan and Fatimah, Abang and Idris, Abd Ghani and Fumio, Miake and Hamdan, Ahmad and Yuki, Fukumitsu and Wan Fatma, Zuharah and Abdul Hafiz, Ab Majid and Nur Faeza, Abu Kassim and Nur, Aida Hashim and Olaide, Olawunmi Ajibola and Fatima, Abdulla Al-Khayyat and Cirilo, Nolasco-Hipolito (2015) Coffee and its waste repel gravid Aedes albopictus females and inhibit the development of their embryos. Parasites and Vectors, 8 (1). pp. 1-15. ISSN 17563305

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Background: Dengue is a prevalent arboviral disease and the development of insecticide resistance among its vectors impedes endeavors to control it. Coffee is drunk by millions of people daily worldwide, which is associated with the discarding of large amounts of waste. Coffee and its waste contain large amounts of chemicals many of which are highly toxic and none of which have a history of resistance in mosquitoes. Once in solution, coffee is brownish in colour, resembling leaf infusion, which is highly attractive to gravid mosquitoes. To anticipate the environmental issues related to the increasing popularity of coffee as a drink, and also to combat insecticide resistance, we explored the deterrence potentials of coffee leachates against the ovipositing and embryonic stages of the dengue vector, Aedes albopictus. Methods: In a series of choice, no-choice, and embryo toxicity bioassays, we examined changes in the ovipositional behaviours and larval eclosion of Ae. albopictus in response to coffee extracts at different concentrations. Results: Oviposition responses were extremely low when ovicups holding highly concentrated extract (HCE) of coffee were the only oviposition sites. Gravid females retained increased numbers of mature eggs until 5 days post-blood feeding. When provided an opportunity to oviposit in cups containing coffee extracts and with water, egg deposition occurred at lower rates in those containing coffee, and HCE cups were far less attractive to females than those containing water only. Females that successfully developed in a coffee environment preferentially oviposited in such cups when in competition with preferred oviposition sites (water cups), but this trait did not continue into the fourth generation. Larval eclosion occurred at lower rates among eggs that matured in a coffee environment, especially among those that were maintained on HCE-moistened substrates. Conclusions: The observations of the present study indicate a pronounced vulnerability of Ae. albopictus to the presence of coffee in its habitats during the early phases of its life cycle. The observations that coffee repels gravid females and inhibits larval eclosion provide novel possibilities in the search for novel oviposition deterrents and anti-larval eclosion agents against dengue vectors. © 2015 Satho et al.; licensee BioMed Central.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aedes albopictus, Coffee, Oviposition, Embryonation, Egg hatching, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Saman
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2017 08:03
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2021 16:22

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