Study on Emission and Performance of Diesel Engine Using Castor Biodiesel

Md. Saiful, Islam and Abu Saleh, Ahmed and Aminul, Islam and Sidek, Abdul Aziz and Low, Chyi Xian and Moniruzzaman, Mridha (2014) Study on Emission and Performance of Diesel Engine Using Castor Biodiesel. Journal of Chemistry, 2014. ISSN 2090-9071

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/451526

Abstract

This paper presents the result of investigations carried out in studying the emission and performance of diesel engine using the castor biodiesel and its blend with diesel from 0% to 40% by volume.The acid-based catalyzed transesterification system was used to produce castor biodiesel and the highest yield of 82.5% was obtained under the optimized condition.TheFTIR spectrumof castor biodiesel indicates the presence of C=O and C–O functional groups, which is due to the ester compound in biodiesel. The smoke emission test revealed that B40 (biodiesel blend with 40% biodiesel and 60% diesel) had the least black smoke compared to the conventional diesel. Diesel engine performance test indicated that the specific fuel consumption of biodiesel blend was increased sufficiently when the blending ratio was optimized.Thus, the reduction in exhaust emissions and reduction in brake-specific fuel consumptionmade the blends of caster seed oil (B20) a suitable alternative fuel for diesel and could help in controlling air pollution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diesel Engine, Castor Biodiesel, air pollution control, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2016 02:05
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 02:05
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/13921

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