Biodiesel Production from Castor Oil and Its Application in Diesel Engine

Ismail, S. and Abu Saleh, Ahmed and Rezaur, Rahman and Hamdan, Sinin (2014) Biodiesel Production from Castor Oil and Its Application in Diesel Engine. ASEAN Journal on Science and Technology for Development, 31 (2). pp. 91-101. ISSN 0217-5460

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In this study, the optimum biodiesel conversion from crude castor oil to castor biodiesel (CB) through transesterification method was investigated. The base catalyzed transesterification under different reactant proportion such as the molar ratio of alcohol to oil and mass ratio of catalyst to oil was studied for optimum production of castor biodiesel. The optimum condition for base catalyzed transesterification of castor oil was determined to be 1:4.5 of oil to methanol ratio and 0.005:1 of potassium hydroxide to oil ratio. The fuel properties of the produced CB such as the calorific value, flash point and density were analyzed and compared to conventional diesel. Diesel engine performance and emission test on different CB blends proved that CB was suitable to be used as diesel blends. CB was also proved to have lower emission compared to conventional diesel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel, transesterification, castor oil, diesel engine, emission; conversion, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2016 04:13
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2022 01:30

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