Social Impact Assessment : The Principles, Criticism and Social Impact Variables

Wong, Bemen (2014) Social Impact Assessment : The Principles, Criticism and Social Impact Variables. Working Paper. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

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Abstract

Every development project delivers either positive or negative impact, some even both. As emphasized by Vanclay (2003a, p.1), “the costs of development generally are not adequately taken into account by decision makers, regulatory authorities and developers, partly because they are not easily identifiable, quantifiable and measurable”. Therefore, appropriate methods have to be used to identify and categorize relevant impact. Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is widely used to categorize and analyze the impact of development policies, programs and projects. Currently, there are two sets of SIA principles available in the literature, namely the US version and the International version. This paper discusses the diverse definitions of SIA as well as the brief development history of SIA. This paper also compares the differences between the SIA principles of 1994 and 2003 version (the United States version) together with the criticisms made on both versions. This paper then compares the different sets of social impact variables written by three different parties namely the Interorganizational Committee on Guidelines and Principles for Social Impact Assessment (1994; 2003), Burdge (1994) and Vanclay (2002). Lastly, the application of the list social impact variables in designing social research will be described.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Additional Information: Working Paper Series No. 65
Uncontrolled Keywords: social impact, University Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, IPTA, education, universiti, university, kuching, samarahan, sarawak, malaysia
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2014 03:16
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2015 01:47
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/1265

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