Development of a rapid diagnostic test for enterovirus-71 using an isothermal amplification based assay

Ratna Sri Dewi, Sedi (2015) Development of a rapid diagnostic test for enterovirus-71 using an isothermal amplification based assay. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, (UNIMAS).

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Abstract

An in-house nucleic acid sequence based amplification (NASBA) assay protocol for the detection of EV-A71 from both virus isolates and clinical specimens was developed in this study. A primer set, targeting the VP1 gene region, was designed and the sensitivity and specificity was tested using conventional RT-PCR and subsequently used in a NASBA assay. The detection of EV-A71 NASBA amplicons was successfully achieved using ethidium bromide-stained RNA agarose gel electrophoresis. The in-house EV-A71 NASBA protocol detected a panel of 54 of 60 EV-A71 virus isolates from different genogroups and subgenogroups and no cross-reactivity was observed against other EV serotypes. The NASBA assay was additionally evaluated on a panel of, 41 clinical specimens of various sample types from HFMD cases in Sarawak. Twenty-one (95.5%) of 22 clinical specimens that were confirmed to be EV-A71 positive by RT-PCR and virus isolation were successfully detected by the NASBA assay. The other 19 clinical specimens that were concordantly EV-A71 negative by both RT-PCR and virus isolation, were not detected by the EV-A71 NASBA assay. Verification of the EV-A71 NASBA amplicons from virus isolates and clinical specimens were successfully achieved by sequencing of the amplified region. In conclusion, the NASBA assay developed in this study provides a useful alternative for the screening and detection of EV-A71.

Item Type: E-Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Thesis (M.Sc.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2015.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nucleic acids, Analysis, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education,Postgraduate, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2016 06:42
Last Modified: 19 May 2020 04:56
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/10880

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