Removal of Mercury, Lead and Copper from Aqueous Solution by Activated Carbon of Palm Oil Empty Fruit Bunch

Wahi, Rafeah and Ngaini, Zainab and Usun Jok, Veronica (2009) Removal of Mercury, Lead and Copper from Aqueous Solution by Activated Carbon of Palm Oil Empty Fruit Bunch. World Applied Sciences Journal, 5. pp. 84-91. ISSN 1818-4952

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Abstract

The ability of activated carbon prepared from palm oil empty fruit bunches (EFB) to remove mercury (Hg(II)), lead (Pb(II)) and copper (Cu(II)) from aqueous solutions was investigated. The EFB activated carbon was produced by using chemical and physical activation processes. The adsorption capacity was determined as a function of adsorbate initial concentration and adsorbent dosages. Adsorption isotherms of the studied metals on adsorbent were determined and compared with the Langmuir and Fruendlich isotherm models. The EFB activated carbon showed excellent efficiency in removing Pb(II) and Hg(II) with percentage of removal up to 100% even at low adsorbent dosage. In contrast, only 25% removal of Cu(II) by the EFB activated carbon was observed. The study also showed that the adsorption of Hg(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) by EFB activated carbon is dependent on the dosage of adsorbent and the initial metals concentration. The use of EFB as activated carbon is not only effective for Hg(II) and Pb(II) removal from wastewater but also helps in solving the problem of over-abundance of EFB as agricultural waste product.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Empty fruit bunch, Activated carbon, Adsorption, Heavy metals, Langmuir isotherm, Fruendlich isotherm, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Wahi
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2016 02:21
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2016 02:21
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/10868

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