Effect of “Lalang” (Imperata cylindrica) Extraction on Microorganisms

Nabihah, binti Nordin (2015) Effect of “Lalang” (Imperata cylindrica) Extraction on Microorganisms. [Final Year Project Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Knowledge on the control method of Imperata cylindrica is sparse although this species is not rare to be seen. This plant has a wide genetic variability therefore it can adapts in a wide range of ecological. It has been known as one of the worse weeds throughout the world. I. cylindrica usually leaves in fertile soil. The scope of this study was to evaluate the effect of I. cylindrica extracts on microorganisms and to identify the chemical compounds in “lalang” extracts. This experiment was conducted using the extraction mixture with media method. The whole plant was used to prepare the extraction; leaf crude extract and rhizome crude extract. The extraction used in this study is ethanol extract and there were four concentrations; 0 %, 1 %, 5 % and 10 % used to inhibit the microorganisms growth rate. The extract was mixed and solidified with the media. The microorganisms tested were Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, Colletotrichum sp. and Sclerotium sp.. There was inhibitory actions towards all microorganisms except Sclerotium sp.. The major chemical constituents detected through GC analysis were benzyl benzoate (leaf and rhizome extract), n-Butyl myristate (rhizome extract) and hexadecanoic acid (rhizome extract). These compounds were proved can give inhibitory effects towards the microorganisms.

Item Type: Final Year Project Report
Additional Information: Project Report (B.Sc.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2015.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Imperata cylindrica, worst weeds, ethanol extract, chemical constituents, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2016 02:49
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 08:48
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/10651

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