Enhancing α-Amylase and Cellulase in vivo Enzyme Expressions on Sago Pith Residue Using Bacilllus amyloliquefaciens UMAS 1002

Faisal Ali, Anwarali Khan and Awang Ahmad Sallehin, Awang Husaini (2006) Enhancing α-Amylase and Cellulase in vivo Enzyme Expressions on Sago Pith Residue Using Bacilllus amyloliquefaciens UMAS 1002. Biotechnology, 5 (3). pp. 391-403. ISSN 1682-296X

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Abstract

The effect of Solid State Fermentation (SSF) parameters on the production of extracellular α-amylase and cellulase (endoglucanases) by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens UMAS 1002 using sago pith residue hampas in shaker flasks was investigated in this study. The appropriate incubation period, temperature, pH, agitation speed, inoculum concentration, hampas concentration and additive substrate effect were optimized for enzyme production. The activity of α-amylase and cellulase was at 14.19 and 13.15 IU mL <SUP>-1 </SUP>, respectively in optimal culture medium. Maximum yield for both enzymes were achieved by employing 4% w/v hampas in 0.2 M citrate buffer at pH 6 and incubated at 40°C for 6 h with agitation speed of 100 rpm. Inoculum concentrations were found to be optimum at 3% v/v and 4% v/v for α-amylase and cellulase, respectively. Enzyme activity was 2.8 (10.80 IU mL <SUP>-1 </SUP>) and 3.2 (9.38 IU mL <SUP>-1 </SUP>) fold higher for α-amylase and cellulase respectively when 1% w/v soluble starch was applied as additive substrates with 0.5% hampas. However in optimal media that consist of 4%w/v of hampas, addition of 1% w/v soluble starch intend to inhibit both enzyme productions. Result revealed that temperature, pH and shaking condition were the most significant factors for the production of α-amylase and cellulase enzyme. Temperature influenced enzyme production by affecting the other parameters including bacterial growth, pH, Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and reducing sugars. Nevertheless, shaking condition could affect DO concentration that in turn affected bacterial growth and enzymes production too

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: B. amyloliquefaciens UMAS 1002, amylase, celulase, sago pith residue hampas, solid state fermentation, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2015 00:45
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 00:45
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9817

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