Intellectual capital in small and medium enterprises in Pakistan

Muhammad, Khalique and Bontis, Nick (2015) Intellectual capital in small and medium enterprises in Pakistan. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16 (1). pp. 224-238. ISSN 1469-1930

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Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the links between intellectual capital sub-components and organizational performance in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) operating in the electrical and electronics manufacturing sector in Pakistan. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected through structured questionnaires from a sample of 247 respondents from Pakistani SMEs in Gujranwala and Gujarat. Several tests were used to examine the reliability and validity of the research instrument. Finally, multiple regression analysis was used to test the proposed research hypotheses. Findings – The findings of this study demonstrate that the overall regression model of intellectual capital shows goodness of fit while one component of intellectual capital – namely human capital – appeared insignificant. Subsequently, six out of seven research hypotheses was accepted. Practical implications – This study will provide a valuable framework for entrepreneurs, executives, managers and policy makers in managing intellectual capital within the Pakistani context. Originality/value – To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the first empirical study that has been conducted on SMEs operating in the electrical and electronics manufacturing sector in Pakistan.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pakistan, Human Capital, Small to medium-sized enterprises, Intellectual capital, organizational performance, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate, Postgraduate, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2015 01:43
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2016 02:11
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9523

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