The Pattern of Spinal Tuberculosis in Sarawak general Hospital

Ahmad Hata, Rasit (2001) The Pattern of Spinal Tuberculosis in Sarawak general Hospital. Medical Journal Malaysia, 56 (2). pp. 143-150. ISSN 0300-5283

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Abstract

This is a retrospective study of 53 patients with spinal tuberculosis treated in Sarawak General Hospital from 1994 until 1998. The study showed that the mean age in patients with spinal tuberculosis was 40.2 years, and was more common in male (70%) and in Iban population (50%). The clinical presentation included backache (94%); abscess (45%); neurological deficit (44%); and gibbus deformity (22%). The percentage of patient without BCG scar was 82% and 18% had evidence of pulmonary tuberculosis. The most common vertebra involved was the ninth thoracic vertebra and the least common was the third cervical vertebra. The average number of vertebra affected per patient was three. The most common radiological type of lesion was paradiscal (47%). The percentage of patients diagnosed by histological examination was 44%. All patients were given chemotherapy for 12 months' duration; 57% were treated surgically and 43% were treated conservatively. Twenty-four of patients (40%) had an excellent and good results and 28 of patients had a fair result and only one patient had poor result. In 23 of patients treated conservatively showed increment of 8 degrees of kyphosis angle and 22 of patients had a fair result and only one patient had poor outcome after 6 months of treatment. In 30 of patients treated surgically showed correction of 4 degrees of kyphosis angle and 24 of them had excellent and good outcome, where 6 of them had fair outcome after 6 months of treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculosis, Spine, Kyphosis, Chemotherapy, Surgery, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Rasit
Date Deposited: 20 May 2015 06:04
Last Modified: 20 May 2015 06:04
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/7460

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