The Impact of Ecological Conditions on the Prevalence of Malaria Among Orangutans

Karesh, W.B. and Cox-Singh, J. and Prosser, Adria and Balbir, Singh (2002) The Impact of Ecological Conditions on the Prevalence of Malaria Among Orangutans. Vector borne and zoonotic diseases, 2 (2). pp. 97-103. ISSN 1557-7759

[img]
Preview
PDF
The Impact of Ecological Conditions (abstract).pdf

Download (66kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/10842209_...

Abstract

Contemporary human land use patterns have led to changes in orangutan ecology, such as the loss of habitat. One management response to orangutan habitat loss is to relocate orangutans into regions of intact, protected habitat. Young orangutans are also kept as pets and have at times been a valuable commodity in the illegal pet trade. In response to this situation, government authorities have taken law enforcement action by removing these animals from private hands and attempted to rehabilitate and release these orangutans. In relocating free-ranging orangutans, the animals are typically held isolated or with family members for ,48 h and released, but during the course of rehabilitation, orangutans often spend some time in captive and semicaptive group settings. Captive/semicaptive groups have a higher density of orangutans than wild populations, and differ in other ways that may influence susceptibility to infectious disease. In order to determine the impact of these ecological settings on malaria, the prevalence of malaria was compared between 31 captive and semicaptive orangutans in a rehabilitation program at the Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre and 43 wild orangutans being moved in a translocation project. The prevalence of malaria parasites, as determined by blood smear and Plasmodium genus-specific nestedpolymerase chain reaction, was greater in the captive/semicaptive population (29 of 31) than in the wild population (5 of 43) even when accounting for age bias. This discrepancy is discussed in the context of population changes associated with the management of orangutans in captive/semicaptive setting, in particular a 50-fold increase in orangutan population density. The results provide an example of how an ecological change can influence pathogen prevalence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Orangutans, Malaria, Ecology, Plasmodiu, Pongo pygmaeus, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2017 07:03
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2017 07:03
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/15868

Actions (For repository members only: login required)

View Item View Item