Phylogenetic relationships of waders (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae) in sarawak inferred from cytochrome oxidase i and recombinant activating gene 1

Nurul Ashikeen, Ab Razak and Mustafa, Abdul Rahman and Andrew Alek, Tuen (2016) Phylogenetic relationships of waders (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae) in sarawak inferred from cytochrome oxidase i and recombinant activating gene 1. Sains Malaysiana, 45 (7). pp. 1089-1095. ISSN 0126-6039

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Abstract

Family Scolopacidae includes the sandpipers, shanks, snipes, godwits and curlews. Systematic classifications of shorebirds at the higher level have been successfully resolved. Nevertheless, the phylogeny of shorebirds in the familial level is still poorly understood. Thus, this phylogenetic study on Scolopacidae was conducted upon the framework provided by the first sequence-based species-level phylogeny within the shorebirds to determine the phylogenetic relationships among family members of Scolopacidae in West Borneo, Sarawak using combined gene markers, mtDNA Cytochrome Oxidise I (COI) and nucDNA Recombinant Activating Gene 1 (RAG1). A total of 1,342 base pair (bp) were inferred from both COI and RAG1 gene from 45 sequences constituted of 15 species Scolopacidae sampled from Sarawak namely Xenus cinereus, Actitis hypoleucos, Tringa totanus, Tringa glareola, Tringa stagnatilis, Heteroscelus brevipes, Calidris alba, Calidris ruficollis, Calidris ferruginea, Calidris tenuirostris, Calidris alpina, Gallinago stenura, Gallinago megala, Numenius arquata, and Numenius phaeopus. The phylogenetic tree was constructed with Charadrius mongulus derived as an outgroup. The Bayesian Inference (BI) tree constructed supported grouping of species into several lineages of Numeniinae, Calidrinae, Scolopacinae and Tringinae. The groupings of species into several lineages correlate with morphological features that contribute to their adaptation and ability of the species to fit to their ecosystems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cytochrome Oxidase I; phylogenetic; Recombinant Activating Gene 1; waders, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2016 05:58
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2017 01:19
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/13957

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