Human Enterovirus 71 Disease in Sarawak, Malaysia: A Prospective Clinical, Virological, and Molecular Epidemiological Study

Mong, How Ooi and See, Chang Wong and Yuwana, Podin and Winnie, Akin and Syvia, del Sel and Anand, Mohan and Chae, Hee Chieng and David, Perera and Daniela, Clear and Darin, Wong and Blake, Emma and Jane, Cardosa and Tom, Solomon (2007) Human Enterovirus 71 Disease in Sarawak, Malaysia: A Prospective Clinical, Virological, and Molecular Epidemiological Study. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 44 (5). pp. 646-656. ISSN 1537-6591

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Abstract

Background. Human enterovirus (HEV)–71 causes large outbreaks of hand-foot-and-mouth disease with central nervous system (CNS) complications, but the role of HEV-71 genogroups or dual infection with other viruses in causing severe disease is unclear. Methods. We prospectively studied children with suspected HEV-71 (i.e., hand-foot-and-mouth disease, CNS disease, or both) over 3.5 years, using detailed virological investigation and genogroup analysis of all isolates. Results. Seven hundred seventy-three children were recruited, 277 of whom were infected with HEV-71, including 28 who were coinfected with other viruses. Risk factors for CNS disease in HEV-71 included young age, fever, vomiting, mouth ulcers, breathlessness, cold limbs, and poor urine output. Genogroup analysis for the HEV- 71–infected patients revealed that 168 were infected with genogroup B4, 68 with C1, and 41 with a newly emerged genogroup, B5. Children with HEV-71 genogroup B4 were less likely to have CNS complications than those with other genogroups (26 [15%] of 168 vs. 30 [28%] of 109; odds ratio [OR], 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.26–0.91; ) and less Pp.0223 likely to be part of a family cluster (12 [7%] of 168 vs. 29 [27%] of 109; OR, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.10–0.46; P ! .0001); children with HEV-71 genogroup B5 were more likely to be part of a family cluster (OR, 6.26; 95% CI, 2.77–14.18; P ! .0001). Children with HEV-71 and coinfected with another enterovirus or adenovirus were no more likely to have CNS disease. Conclusions. Genogroups of HEV-71 may differ with regard to the risk of causing CNS disease and the association with family clusters. Dual infections are common, and all possible causes should be excluded before accepting that the first virus identified is the causal agent.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human enterovirus (HEV)-71, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, virus, diseases, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Health and Community Medicine
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2016 18:59
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 18:59
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/13614

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