Genomics studies on plantation tree species in Sarawak

Ho Wei, Seng and Pang Shek, Ling and Lai, Pei Sing and Tiong, Shing Yiing and Phui, Seng Loi and Liew, K.S. and M., Nurfaizah and B.L., Tchin and Ismail, Jusoh and Tawan, C.S and Petrus, Bulan and Julaihi, Abdullah (2010) Genomics studies on plantation tree species in Sarawak. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Forestry and Forest Products.

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Abstract

Rapid socio-economic changes in the world are having profound impacts on all sectors, including forestry. The increase in global demand for wood requires increase in forest productivity. The alternative is to farm trees in plantations composed of fast-growing species with short rotation cycles (6–8 y). The rationale is that natural forests at the most produce about 3 m3 ha y-1 of commercial timber, whereas plantations can produce annually from 10 m3 ha y-1 of hardwoods to 30 m3 ha-1 of softwoods and thus, decrease the effects of human pressure on our ecosystems while increasing the competitiveness of Sarawak’s forest industry. This is in line with the state government’s aspiration to establish one million hectares of planted forests by year 2020 to meet the increasing demand from both domestic and international markets for raw materials. It is estimated at least 30 million seedlings are required for annual planting or reforestation programmes. In this regard, forest genomics research will help respond to the need to develop adequate tools that enable us to produce quality planting materials that are of faster growth, high yield and high wood quality, and also adapted to local conditions, so that we may achieve economic benefits of great significance. Realizing the need, we have centred our research on the development of tools via biotechnological innovations for tree breeders. Over the years, we have successfully developed: 1) simple sequence repeat (SSR) 173 DNA markers specific for identifying the genetic make-up of two fastgrowing indigenous tree species, i.e. kelampayan and sawih; 2) the ‘Touch-incubate-PCR’ approach for preparing plant tissues for high throughput genotyping, and 3) a kelampayan tree transcriptome database (NcdbEST aka CADAMOMICS) for wood formation. These tools will greatly facilitate the selection of quality planting materials for planted forest development in Sarawak as well as long-term tree improvement activities by integrating genomics into our breeding programme via association mapping. The overall benefit of genomics application to tree improvement programme will be in terms of greater certainty in the outcome of results, specifically the performance of the forest plantations, as well as the savings in time and cost in the production and supply of quality planting materials.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: plantation tree, simple sequence repeat (SSR), forestry, Neolamarkia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2016 07:13
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2016 07:13
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/10231

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