Material and Electrochemical Characterization of Tetrapropylammonium Manganese Oxide Thin Films as Novel Electrode Materials for Electrochemical Capacitors

Chin, S.F. and Pang, S.C. and Anderson, Marc A. (2002) Material and Electrochemical Characterization of Tetrapropylammonium Manganese Oxide Thin Films as Novel Electrode Materials for Electrochemical Capacitors. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 149 (4). a379-a384. ISSN 1945-7111

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Abstract

Stable colloidal tetrapropylammonium manganese oxide ~TPA-MO! was formed by the reduction of tetrapropylammonium permanganate with 2-butanol at room temperature. Thin films of TPA-MO were prepared using the sol-gel process by dip-coating directly onto clean nickel foils followed by heat-treatment under controlled conditions. The microstructure evolution of TPA-MO films at various calcination temperatures was characterized using Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. The performance of these films as supercapacitors was evaluated using cyclic voltammetry in various aqueous electrolytes. These thin films exhibited excellent capacitive behavior with a specific capacitance of 720 F/g. These films also showed good reversibility and cycling stability, losing little more than 20% of their charge capacity after 1500 cycles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrochemical, Tetrapropylammonium Manganese Oxide, Electrochemical Capacitors, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2015 06:51
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2015 06:51
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9888

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