A semantic framework for discovering casual relationships

Amaal Saleh, Hasan Al-Hashimy (2015) A semantic framework for discovering casual relationships. PhD thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, (UNIMAS).

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Abstract

The explosive growth of information at a mind-boggling scale has become an emerging phenomenon of our times. Discovering knowledge from a vast pool of resources is expected to remain a major challenge. In this respect, the extraction of semantic relations then becomes an important research area. While the extraction of ontological relations has been widely explored, the discovery of non-taxonomic relations is still a major bottleneck. Current approaches tend to predominantly employ syntactic approaches and rely largely on extensive manual efforts in the construction of linguistic resources. Our literature review has revealed major gaps in terms of the extraction of non-taxonomic relationships, particularly when it comes to implicit relationships. As a response to this problem, our research then explores a semantic approach for addressing the discovery of non-taxonomic relations such as causal relationships. Based on an empirical study of causality theory and related works, we have formulated a semantic approach for extracting causal patterns in text. The proposed framework incorporates a novel causality sense extraction method, “Purpose Based Word Sense Disambiguation”, together with a context-specific approach, “Graph based Semantics”, for uncovering causality structural patterns. Our approach has produced a set of causality features that is even able to highlight implicit causality patterns. We have employed benchmark data sets of SemEval 2007 and SemEval 2010 data sets together with standard linguistic resources such as WordNet, SemCore and XWNGloss in producing a series of intermediary linguistic resources as building blocks of the framework. A new qualitative measure for determining causal patterns has been formulated and used in conjunction with a gold standard for validating the significance of the findings. We have employed the C5.0 classifier to evaluate the effectiveness of the causality patterns as derived v from the framework. We have demonstrated via the realization of the framework, a purely semantic approach is possible without the need for extensive manual efforts. This research will serve as a key milestone and basis for ensuing discovery of non-taxonomic semantic relations such as causality.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2015.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Semantic relationship, ontological relations, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Semantic networks (Information theory), Samarahan, ipta, education, Postgraduate, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4050 Electronic information resources
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4050 Electronic information resources
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 06:29
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2015 06:29
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9287

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