Validation and utilization of an internally controlled multiplex Real-time RT-PCR assay for simultaneous detection of enteroviruses and enterovirus A71 associated with hand foot and mouth disease

Thanh, Tran Tan and Anh, Nguyen To and Tham, Nguyen Thi and Van, Hoang Minh Tu and Sabanathan, Saraswathy and Qui, Phan Tu and Ngan, Tran Thuy and Van, Tran Thi My and Nguyen, Thi Han Ny and Thanh, Le Thi My and Chai, Ong Kien and Perera, David and Viet, Do Chau and Khanh, Truong Huu and Ha, Do Quang and Tuan, Ha Manh and Wong, Kum Thong and Hung, Nguyen Thanh and Chau, Nguyen Van Vinh and Thwaites, Guy and Doorn, H. Rogier van and Tan, Le Van (2015) Validation and utilization of an internally controlled multiplex Real-time RT-PCR assay for simultaneous detection of enteroviruses and enterovirus A71 associated with hand foot and mouth disease. Virology Journal, 12 (1). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1743422X

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Abstract

Background: Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a disease of public health importance across the Asia-Pacific region. The disease is caused by enteroviruses (EVs), in particular enterovirus A71 (EV-A71). In EV-A71-associated HFMD, the infection is sometimes associated with severe manifestations including neurological involvement and fatal outcome. The availability of a robust diagnostic assay to distinguish EV-A71 from other EVs is important for patient management and outbreak response. Methods: We developed and validated an internally controlled one-step single-tube real-time RT-PCR in terms of sensitivity, linearity, precision, and specificity for simultaneous detection of EVs and EV-A71. Subsequently, the assay was then applied on throat and rectal swabs sampled from 434 HFMD patients. Results: The assay was evaluated using both plasmid DNA and viral RNA and has shown to be reproducible with a maximum assay variation of 4.41 % and sensitive with a limit of detection less than 10 copies of target template per reaction, while cross-reactivity with other EV serotypes was not observed. When compared against a published VP1 nested RT-PCR using 112 diagnostic throat and rectal swabs from 112 children with a clinical diagnosis of HFMD during 2014, the multiplex assay had a higher sensitivity and 100 % concordance with sequencing results which showed EVs in 77/112 (68.8 %) and EV-A71 in 7/112 (6.3 %). When applied to clinical diagnostics for 322 children, the assay detected EVs in throat swabs of 257/322 (79.8 %) of which EV-A71 was detected in 36/322 (11.2 %) children. The detection rate increased to 93.5 % (301/322) and 13.4 % (43/322) for EVs and EV-A71, respectively, when rectal swabs from 65 throat-negative children were further analyzed. Conclusion: We have successfully developed and validated a sensitive internally controlled multiplex assay for rapid detection of EVs and EV-A71, which is useful for clinical management and outbreak control of HFMD. Keywords: Hand foot and mouth disease, Enteroviruses, Enterovirus A71, Real-time RT-PCR, Diagnosis

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hand foot and mouth disease, Enteroviruses, Enterovirus A71, Real-time RT-PCR, Diagnosis, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education,
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Health and Community Medicine
Depositing User: Norkasinah bt Ramji
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2015 03:37
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2017 07:49
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/8723

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