Synthesis and Characterization of Cellulose from Green Bamboo by Chemical Treatment with Mechanical Process

Liew, Fui Kiew and Sinin, Hamdan and Md. Rezaur, Rahman and Mohamad, Rusop and Josephine, Chang Hui Lai and Md. Faruk, Hossen and Md. Mizanur, Rahman (2015) Synthesis and Characterization of Cellulose from Green Bamboo by Chemical Treatment with Mechanical Process. Journal of Chemistry, 2015. ISSN 2090-9071

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Abstract

Bamboo cellulose was prepared by chemical process involving dewaxing, delignification, and mercerization process. Four samples namely, green bamboo fiber (GBF), dewaxed bamboo fiber (DBF), delignified bamboo fiber (DLBF), and cellulose fiber (CF) had been analysed. FTIR and TGA analysis confirmed the removal of hemicellulose and lignin at the end stage of the process. FTIR results reveal that the D-cellulose OH group occurred at 1639 cm−1 region. SEM micrograph showed that mercerization leads to fibrillation and breakage of the fiber into smaller pieces which promote the effective surface area available for contact. Barrer, Joiyner, and Halenda (BJH) method confirmed that the effective surface area of CF is two times larger compared to GBF. CF showed the highest activation energy compared to GBF. It indicates that CF was thermally stable.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bamboo cellulose, green bamboo fiber (GBF), dewaxed bamboo fiber (DBF), delignified bamboo fiber (DLBF), and cellulose fiber (CF), unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 07:25
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2017 06:42
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/8404

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