Reuse of nitric acid in the oxidative pretreatment step for preparation of humic acids from low rank coal of Mukah, Sarawak

Sim Siong, Fong and Lau, Seng and Haslinda, Mat (2007) Reuse of nitric acid in the oxidative pretreatment step for preparation of humic acids from low rank coal of Mukah, Sarawak. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 18 (1). pp. 41-46. ISSN 0103-5053

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Abstract

Nitric acid is an effective material for production of humic acids. Nevertheless, it is an expensive item that renders the process unfavorable industrially. Study indicated that there was a possibility to reuse the nitric acid for oxidation however the resulting structures of humic acids was not studied. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the chemical and spectroscopic properties of nitrohumic acids prepared with reused nitric acid. The coal sample was oxidized with 5%, 10% and 15% of nitric acid and subjected to extraction for nitrohumic acids. Concentration of nitric acid with the most yields was reemployed for another 2 cycles of oxidation. The chemical and spectroscopic properties of nitrohumic acids were evaluated. The results indicated that oxidation process generally improved the acidic functional properties of the nitrohumic acids with 10% nitric acid producing the most promising yield. The nitric acid was reused for extraction and the percentage yield remained good at an average of 78%. Structurally, the nitrohumic acids produced with the reused nitric acid demonstrated larger molecular size and fewer acidic functional groups suggesting lesser extent of structure fractionation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: coal, nitrohumic acids, reuse, nitric acid , unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education , research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 12 May 2015 07:11
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 07:11
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/7428

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