Association Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (Snp) In Pcsk9 Gene With Lipid Analysis Among Iban And Bidayuh Ethnic Groups In Sarawak Population.

H. H., Hood and Y. T., Siaw and S. P., Sim and H., Helmy and M. M, Aminudin (2015) Association Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (Snp) In Pcsk9 Gene With Lipid Analysis Among Iban And Bidayuh Ethnic Groups In Sarawak Population. In: Human Genome Meeting 2015, 14 – 17 March 2015, Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre, Malaysia. (Submitted)

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Abstract

Objectives: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) gene (MIM: 603776) encoded protein that facilitates cholesterol level in blood. Known mutation in the PCSK9 gene would indicate hypercholesterolemia through gain of function resulting in Familial Hypercholesterolemia Type 3. The increased risk genetic variant: rs 12084215 of FH (Say et al, 2013) were used to indicate any correlation with performed lipid analysis with untested indigenous population in Sarawak. We are conducting a study to determine the polymorphic genotype frequencies among 2 indigenous populations, the Iban and the Bidayuh in Sarawak, thus elucidating any association with lipid analysis. Methods: Blood samples from study subjects were collected for both genotypes and lipid profile. Peripheral blood samples were collected, genomic DNA extracted and genotyped employing Allele Specific-PCR. Genotypes were categorized into homozygous wild type, heterozygous and homozygous variants. The lipid profile consists of total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, and triglycerides. Statistical analyses were done to determine the genotype frequencies and association with polymorphic genotypes with lipid analysis. Results: Total of 112 candidates were assessed to be 92 (82.1%) homozygous wildtype and 20 (17.9%) heterozygous SNP. There were no significant association between the genotypes and lipid profiles. The intronic genetic variant may not affected the gene expression thus explained why the lipid profiles of tested population lies within the optimal classification provided by ATP III guidelines. The guidelines give information for global risk assessment in coronary heart diseases (CHD) and other lipid related disorders. Conclusion: Study present limited information to associate the polymorphic genotype frequencies with lipid profiles. Thus, more samples and SNPs in PCSK9 genes as well as other lipid related gene are required to provide sufficient data for the analysis. Besides that, more works should be done to elucidate the genes responsible for lipid abnormality.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), cholesterol, hypercholesterolemia, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak,undergraduate, postgraduate,
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Centre for Pre-University Studies
Depositing User: Farah Liyana bt Azizan
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2015 02:15
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2015 01:37
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/7062

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