Isolation and regeneration of cellulose fiber from sugarcane bagasse

Yeo, Madeline Geok Kim (2012) Isolation and regeneration of cellulose fiber from sugarcane bagasse. [Project Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Sugarcane bagasse is the by-product obtained after sucrose extraction from sugarcane plant. However, the remaining bagasse is disposed and resulted in environmental pollution. Sugarcane bagasse has high proportion of cellulose, lignin and hemicelluloses. Sodium hydroxide used to remove lignin and hemicelluloses. Acetic acid and sodium chlorite was use to bleach the cellulose. FTIR results indicated that lignin and hemicelluloses has removed. Mechanical treatment by ultrasonic and homogenizer on isolated cellulose showed surface destruction on the cellulose through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. Furthermore, NaOH: Thiourea: Urea with the composition (8:6.5:8) was used as aqueous based solvent system in cellulose dissolution process. Ethanol acts as a non-solvent successfully precipitate the regenerated cellulose. The yield of regenerated cellulose increases as volume of the added ethanol increase.

Item Type: Project Report
Additional Information: Project Report (B.Sc.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2012.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sugarcane bagasse, Cellulose fiber, Ultrasonic, Homogenizer, Yield, FSTS, 2012, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, universiti, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, undergraduate, research
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2015 02:14
Last Modified: 18 May 2015 02:44
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/6201

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