Eclectic approach to anxiety disorders among rural children [Abordagem eclética a transtornos de ansiedade em crianças de zona rural]

Ahmadi, Atefeh and Mohamed Sharif, Mustaffa and Ali Akbar, Haghdoust and Syed Mohamed Shafeq, Mansor (2017) Eclectic approach to anxiety disorders among rural children [Abordagem eclética a transtornos de ansiedade em crianças de zona rural]. Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 39 (2). pp. 88-97. ISSN 22376089

[img]
Preview
PDF
Eclectic approach to anxiety disorders among rural children (abstract).pdf

Download (104kB) | Preview

Abstract

Introduction: Anxiety disorders in primary school-aged children negatively affect their mental health and psychological development. Available non-medical treatments for these conditions are time-consuming and expensive. In this context, eclectic therapy is a therapeutic approach that incorporates some therapeutic techniques and philosophies to create the ideal treatment. In this study, eclectic therapy consisted of art therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy designed for children suffering from high level of anxiety in their middle childhood years. The therapy also included group guidance sessions for their mothers. The effectiveness of this intervention was examined in the study. Methods: 61 students aged 9-12 years with high levels of anxiety participated in the study. Intervention A (n = 20) consisted of 9-hour eclectic therapy for children with 3-hour group guidance sessions for their mothers. Intervention B (n = 20) consisted of 9-hour eclectic therapy for children. There was also a control group (n = 21). Results: Teacher ratings of children’s mental health difficulties and self-report ratings of anxiety disorders indicated a significant difference from pretest to posttest, revealing a large effect size between the two interventions. Higher levels of pretest scores significantly predicted higher posttest scores for all domains of anxiety and mental health difficulties. Furthermore, age, gender, mothers working a 15-hour day, mother’s educational level, parental divorce rates, parental death, and family monthly income predicted therapy outcomes. Conclusion: Results provide support for the effectiveness of eclectic art and CBT to improve children’s mental health and reduce anxiety through changing thoughts, beliefs, emotions, and behaviors that may cause fear and anxiety. © 2017, Sociedade de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety disorders, children, Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale, eclectic therapy, SDQ, CBT, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 03:42
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 03:42
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/17544

Actions (For repository members only: login required)

View Item View Item