Physicochemical Parameters of Surface Seawater in Malaysia Exclusive Economic Zones Off the Coast of Sarawak

Farah, Akmal Idrus and Chong, Melissa Dennis and Nur Syazwani, Abd Rahim and Masania, Mohd Basri and Jamil, Musel (2017) Physicochemical Parameters of Surface Seawater in Malaysia Exclusive Economic Zones Off the Coast of Sarawak. Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology, 7 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2229-9769

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Abstract

Physicochemical characteristics of seawater play crucial role for productive marine ecosystem and fisheries activities. The limited information of Sarawak surface seawaters provide objective to determine the physicochemical characteristics in Malaysia Exclusive Economic Zone off the Coast of Sarawak. A total of 38 samples were collected using Van Dorn Waals Sampler and the physicochemical characteristics were measured using physicochemical parameter probes. Ranges for dissolved oxygen (DO) was 3.73-6.83 mg/l, temperature was 27.03-30.13ºC, pH was 7.63-7.82, salinity was 33.77-36.77 ppt, turbidity was 0.01-1.01 NTU, chlorophylla concentration was 0.01-4.52 mg/l, nitrate was 0.01–0.08 mg/l, nitrite was 0.001–0.012 mg/l and phosphate was 0.01–5.95 mg/l. There was positive correlation between chlorophyll-a and nutrients that indicated the biological uptake by biota (e.g. phytoplankton). In conclusion, the present study shows that the Malaysia Exclusive Economic Zone off the Coast of Sarawak had minimal pollution based on Malaysia Marine Water Quality Criteria. An update for physicochemical characteristics of surface seawaters in the coverage areas is required as future work.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physicochemical parameters, seawater, surface water, South China Sea, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2017 06:50
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 06:50
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/17518

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