Detection of Bacillus cereus in formula milk and ultra high temperature (UHT) treated milk products

Lesley Maurice, Bilung and Ernie, S.R. and Kasing, Apun and Radu, Son (2017) Detection of Bacillus cereus in formula milk and ultra high temperature (UHT) treated milk products. International Food Research Journal, 24 (3). pp. 985-989. ISSN 2231-7546

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Abstract

Ultra high temperature (UHT) treated milk products and formula milk are known to be frequently contaminated with Bacillus cereus. Presence of B. cereus in these milk products is of particular concern considering the majority of consumers are infants and children. Possible sources of contamination are contaminated raw milk, cross-contamination during processing, under-processing and mishandling of milk products. This study was conducted to detect the presence of B. cereus in both formula milk (n=12) and UHT milk (n=20) sold in selected retail markets. The approach consisted of enumerating by MPN/g followed by PCR assay aimed at detecting gyrB gene in B. cereus, that encode for the subunit B protein of DNA gyrase (topoisomerase type II). Contamination level of B. cereus in both types of samples examined ranged from < 3 to > 1100 MPN/g. The contamination level of B. cereus was found to be highest in full cream UHT milk (> 1100 MPN/g) and formula milk (> 1100 MPN/g). The PCR analysis showed that 41.7% (5/12) formula milk and 30% (6/20) UHT milk samples were detected with B. cereus, respectively. This is the first report of such study demonstrating the presence of B. cereus in formula milk from Malaysia. Therefore, constant surveillance of these milk products would reduce the potential risk of B. cereus-linked outbreaks. © All Rights Reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacillus cereus, Formula milk, milk product, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2017 02:54
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2017 02:54
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/17414

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