Dynamic assessment of the electrocardiographic QT interval during citrate infusion in healthy Volunteers

Davis, T.M.E and Balbir, Singh and Choo, KE and Jamal, Ibrahim and Spencer, Janine L. and A St, John (1995) Dynamic assessment of the electrocardiographic QT interval during citrate infusion in healthy Volunteers. Heart, 73 (6). pp. 523-526. ISSN 0007-0769

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Abstract

To investigate changes in the electrocardiographic QT interval during rapidly induced, sustained hypocalcaemia in healthy volunteers. Serial rate corrected QT measurements were made during and after a variable rate trisodium citrate infusion designed to "clamp" the whole blood ionised calcium concentration 0.20 mmol/l below baseline for 120 min. 12 healthy teetotallers aged 19- 36 years who were not receiving medication known to influence calcium homoeostasis. Whole blood ionised calcium concentration and QaTc intervals (onset of the Q wave to T wave apex divided by the square root of the RR interval). Mean (SD) ionised calcium concentration decreased from 1.18 (0.03) mmol/l preinfusion to values close to target (0.98 mmol/l) between 10 and 120 min. The QaTc interval lengthened from a baseline of 0.309 (0.021) to a maximum 0.343 (0.024) s0.5 at 10 min before returning to a stable level from 15 to 120 min (0.334 (0.023) and 0.330 (0.023) s0.5 respectively). The change from baseline of both variables expressed as a ratio (delta QaTc/ delta [Ca2+]) was greater during rapid induction of hypocalcaemia (at 5 and 10 min) than at other times during and after the infusion (P < 0.02). The disproportionate prolongation of QaTc interval during prompt induction of hypocalcaemia suggests rate dependency which can be represented by a hysteresis relation between (ionised calcium, QaTc) coordinates. This finding may have clinical implications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: QT interval, hypocalcaemia, hysteresis, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2017 08:15
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2017 08:15
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/15843

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