Binding gel characterization of alkali-activated binders based on palm oil fuel ash (POFA) and fly ash

Nurulhuda, Nadziri and Idawati, Ismail and Sinin, Hamdan (2017) Binding gel characterization of alkali-activated binders based on palm oil fuel ash (POFA) and fly ash. Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials, 6. ISSN 2165-0381

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Abstract

Abstract Pastes of palm oil fuel ash (POFA) and fly ash geopolymer activated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and combination of NaOH with sodium silicate (Na2SiO3) were prepared and cured at 80 °C for a duration of 7, 28, and 90 days. The hydrated binding gel products were studied on phase, morphology, and bonding characterization. From these analyses, calcium–sodium–silicate–hydrate (C/N–S–H) gel type appear to form in sole POFA binder but at a very low Ca/Si ratio, while sole fly ash geopolymer binder consists of sodium–alumina–silicate–hydrate (N–A–S–H) binding gel product with a significant Na/Si ratio, regardless of activator types. When both precursors were used, a combination of both gel types was formed, however, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analyses show that the N–A–S–H gel is a more dominant product in the binder compared to the C/N–S–H gel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: geopolymer, alkali-activated binder, palm oil fuel ash, fly ash, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2017 00:36
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2017 06:27
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/15677

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