Enumeration and molecular detection of Bacillus cereus in local indigenous and imported rice grains

Lesley Maurice, Bilung and Ahmad Syatir, Tahar and Tan, Pei Shze and Samantha Valarie Furzanne, Anak Jamie and Hashimatul Fatma, Hashim and Kasing, Apun and Radu, Son (2016) Enumeration and molecular detection of Bacillus cereus in local indigenous and imported rice grains. Agriculture and Food Security, 5 (1). ISSN 20487010

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Abstract

Background: Bacillus cereus is frequently related to foodborne illness outbreak. The common food vehicles for transmission of the bacteria are rice, rice products and starchy foods. As rice is a staple food for some countries including Malaysia, knowledge about safety of B. cereus in rice is important. This study was conducted to enumerate and identify B. cereus in local indigenous and imported rice grains. As Malaysia depends on imported rice to complement the food demands, it is crucial to assess on the imported rice besides the locals. Results: Twenty local indigenous and twenty imported rice grains were investigated in this study. All samples showed positive for the presence of B. cereus using polymerase chain reaction targeting the gryB gene (475 bp) which encodes for B protein subunit for DNA gyrase or also known as topoisomerase II. The microbial load of B. cereus in all samples was >1100MPN/g. However, PCR analysis revealed all the samples were contaminated with B. cereus except for three samples of local indigenous rice (LIR 3, LIR 9 and LIR 20). Conclusions: Due to the finding of high prevalence on the samples, it is therefore concluded that the local indigenous and imported rice grains can be one potential source of B. cereus transmission to the public

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacillus cereus, Enumeration, gryB gene, Polymerase chain reaction, Rice, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2017 02:00
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2017 02:05
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/15277

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